Nothing makes you feel worse than a bad night sleep, waking up feeling like you’ve had a ‘night on the tiles’ when you’ve been tucked up in bed, affects your whole performance the next day. If this occurs regularly then it can severely affect your ability to control your blood sugar levels. Let’s take a look at the impact of sleep deprivation, possible underlying factors and an action plan for a better snooze.

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1Sleep Stages

There are four stages to non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM):

Stage 1 is transitional sleep

Stage 2 is light sleep

Stages 3 and 4 are the deep stages of sleep during which the body repairs and builds tissues. These stages have the biggest and slowest brain waves ‘delta waves’. Stage 4 is always more intense and each stage can last from 5-15 minutes, during a sleep cycle people progress through all stages then the cycle starts again.

There are also two different sleep states: NREM and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, sometimes called dreaming sleep. In REM sleep we are almost paralyzed, with large muscles unable to move – only the heart, diaphragm, eye muscles and the smooth muscles (such as the muscles of the intestines and blood vessels) are able to move.

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